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    1. 首頁 ? 新聞資訊? 常見問題

      注塑模具專業英文

      (一)模具專業基本用詞 Professional Terms
      1.塑料 — plastic, resin
      2.樣件 — sample
      3.鋼料 — steel
      4.注塑機 — injection machine, press
      5. 產品 — part, product, moulding
      6.模具 — mold, mould, tool
      A 簡易模(樣板模)— prototype mold
      B 量產用模具 — production mold
      7.三維造型(數模)—3D model, 3D data
      8.二維產品圖 — 2D part drawing
      9.設計 — design
      10.制造 — manufacture, build up, construction, fabrication, make
      11.檢驗 — check, inspection
      12.測量 — measure, inspection
      13.修改 — change, modify, correction
      14.工程更改 — engineer change
      15.質量 — quality
      16.數量 — quantity
      17.基準 — datum, reference
      (二)如何解析2D 產品圖?How to read 2D part drawing?
      一. 產品幾何 Geometry
      1.點 — point
      2.線(邊) — line, edge
      3.面 face
      A 側面 — side
      B 表面 — surface
      C 外觀面 — appearance surface
      4.壁厚 — wall thickness, stock thickness
      5.加強筋(骨位) — rib
      6.孔 — hole
      7.細長的槽 — slot
      8.柱位 — boss
      9.角 — corner
      A 圓角 — fillet
      B 倒角 — chamfer
      C 尖角 — sharp corner
      10.斜度 — angle, taper
      11. 凹槽—recess , groove
      二. 分模信息 Splitting
      1. 分型線 — parting line (P/L), splitting line
      2. 主分模方向 — main direction, line of draw
      3. 澆口設定 — gating
      一. 產品標識 Part Identification
      1. 產品名稱 — part name (P/N)
      2. 產品編號+版本號 — part number + revision (Rev.)
      3. 型腔號 — cavity number
      4. 材料標記 — material symbol
      5. 模具編號 — mold number (no.)
      6. 日期印 — dating insert, date code
      7. 循環印 — cycling code
      8. 公司標志 — company logo
      二. 技術要求 Specification (Special Requirement)
      1. 項目啟動表 Kick-off sheet
      1) 項目名稱 — program name, project name
      2) 產品名稱 — part name, product name, part description
      3) 產品編號 — part number (P/N)
      4) 客戶模號 — customer mold no.
      5) 項目啟動日期 — kick off date, start date
      6) 項目完成日期 — due date, lead time
      7) 內模件用鋼 — tool steel
      8) 型腔數量 — number of cavities
      9) 數據文件編號 — data file no.
      10) 注塑材料 — resin, plastic, raw material
      11) 收縮率 — shrink, shrinkage, shrink factor
      12) 注塑機噸位 — molding machine size, injection machine size
      13) 成型周期 — cycle time
      14) 型腔光潔度 — cavity polish
      15) 型芯光潔度 — core polish
      16) 皮紋(曬紋)— texture, grain
      17) 拔模斜度 — draft angle, removal taper
      18) 注塑件顏色及光澤 — molded color & gloss
      19) 模具加工地 — manufacturing facility
      20) 熱流道供應商 — manifold manufacturer, manifold supplier
      21) 澆口位置 — gate location / position
      22) 澆口類型 — gate type
      產品標識 — stamp information, part identification
      特殊要求 — special instructions
      1. 產品質量及外觀要求 Part Quality & Appearance Requirement
      1) 尺寸及公差 Dimension & Tolerance
      ① 重要尺寸 — critical dimension, important dim., key dim.
      ② 理論尺寸 — nominal dimension
      ③ 實際尺寸 — actual dimension
      ④ 公差 — tolerance
      ⑤ 公差帶 — tolerance range
      ⑥ 尺寸超差 — dimension deviation
      ⑦ 接受(合格) — accept, OK
      ⑧ 拒絕(不合格) — reject, refuse, obsolete, NG
      ⑨ 讓步接受 — concession, special admit
      ⑩ 返工 — re-work
      2) 產品缺陷(常見的)Defects (normal)
      ① 縮水 — sink mark, shrinkage
      ② 飛邊,毛邊 — flash, burr
      ③ 段差 — mismatch discrepancy
      ④ 銀絲紋,蛇紋 — snake marks, streak
      ⑤ 彎曲,變形 — warpage, distortion
      ⑥ 打不飽(缺料) — short shot
      ⑦ 熔接線 — weld line
      ⑧ 多膠— unwanted plastic
      ⑨ 拉傷—damage
      2. 產品外觀 Part Appearance
      ① 產品顏色 — part color
      ② 產品光澤 — gloss
      ③ 皮紋粒度 — grain
      3. 常用詞匯、詞組及短語 Normal Word, Short Sentence
      1) 單邊 — per side
      2) 雙邊 — both sides
      3) 加入,添加 — add, incorporate
      4) 去除,取消 — remove, cancel
      5) 滿足…的要求,符合,與…要求一致 — according to, conform to, satisfy, meet
      6) 要求,需要 — require, need, demand
      7) 確認 — be approved, agreed by …
      8) 允許 — permit, allow
      9) 在…范圍之內 — within
      10) 不可以,不允許,禁止 — free from, prevent, avoid
      11) …,除非有另指 — … unless otherwise specified
      12) …或少于 — …or less
      13) 自動化運作 — automatic operation
      14) 未注尺寸(詳細形狀)見三維造型
      Non dimensioned contour (detailed shape) see 3D model.
      15) 分型線上的飛邊(披縫)或段差應小于…
      Burrs or discrepancy on the P/L shall be … or less.
      標題欄 Title Block
      1. 產品名稱 — part name
      2. 圖紙編號 + 版本號(索引號)— drawing no. + level (index)
      3. 一般公差 — general tolerance
      (三) 如何閱讀制模標準?How to read tooling standard?
      一.模具結構術語 Mold Construction Terms
      A.模架 Mold Base
      1. 模架量化特征 Measurement Feature
      ① 長 X 寬 X 高 — Length X Width X Height
      ② 模具高度尺寸(模厚) — stack height of mould
      ③ 模具重量 — total weight of mould, mould thickness
      2. 定模底板 — front plate, top clamping plate, clamp plate, clamping plate
      3. 定模板 — cavity plate, fixed mould plate, A – plate
      4. 動模板 — core plate, moving mould plate, B – plate
      5. 支撐板 — support plate, backing plate
      6. 間隔板,方鐵 — support blocks, rails, risers, spacer block
      7. 頂桿固定板 — retaining plate, ejector retaining plate
      8. 頂板 — ejector plate,bottom clamping plate
      9. 動模底板 — back plate
      10.導柱 — guide pillar, leader pin, guide pin
      11.導套 — guide bush, leader pin bush
      12.復位桿 — return pin, push-back pin
      13.彈簧 — spring
      14.撐頭 — support pillar
      15.頂針板導柱、導套 — ejection guide pin / bush
      16.垃圾釘 — stop pin, stop button
      17. 模腳 — standing-off pillars
      18. 標牌 — plaque scutcheon
      B.成型零部件 moulding components
      1. 型芯 — core insert
      2. 型腔 — cavity insert
      3. 鑲針 — core pin
      4. 鑲塊 — sub-insert, split
      5. 滑塊 — slide, sliding split
      6. 斜頂 — lifter, angled-lift split, loose core
      A 斜頂頭 — lifter head
      B 斜頂桿 — lifter rod, lifter shaft
      7. 成型頂桿 — moulding face pin, form pin
      C.澆注系統 Feed System
      1.塑料 Moulding
      a.主流道 — sprue
      b.分流道 runner
      ① 主分流道 — main runner
      ② 二級分流道 — branch runner
      分流道斷面形狀 cross-sectional shape of runner
      ① 圓形 — full round
      ② 半圓形 — semicircular
      ③ 梯形 — trapezoidal
      c.澆口 gate
      常用澆口形式 normal gate type :
      ① 邊緣澆口(J型澆口) — edge gate, J – gate
      ② 側澆口 — side gate
      ③ 潛伏式澆口 — sub-gate, subsurface gate, submarine gate, cashew gate
      ④ 潛伏式二次澆口(隧道式澆口) — tunnel gate onto feeder post
      ⑤ 點澆口 — pin gate
      ⑥ 直接澆口(主流道型澆口) — sprue gate, direct gate
      ⑦ 護耳式澆口 — tab gate
      d.模腔 — impression
      e. 冷料井 — cold slug well
      f. 熱流道 — hot runner
      2.模具零件 mold components
      a.定位圈 — locating ring, location ring, register ring
      b.澆口套 — sprue bush
      c.擋圈 — stop ring
      d.澆口鑲塊 — gate insert
      e.熱流道板 — manifold
      f. 熱嘴 — hot drophot sprue
      分型面及其鎖緊、排氣 Parting Surface, inter-locking & venting
      1. 分型線 — parting line ( P/L )
      2. 鑲拼線 — bodyline, joint line
      3. 平 / 不平的分型面 — flat / non – flat parting surface
      4. 封膠面 — shut off surfaces, seal-off surfaces
      5. 擦穿位 — shut off
      6. 碰穿位 — kiss-off
      7. 管位 — parting line lock
      8. 分型面的釋放(避空) — relief of parting surface
      9. 分型面的平衡 — balancing of parting surface
      10.鎖緊角度 — locking angle
      11.鎖緊力 — clamping force
      12.鎖模塊 — safety strap
      13.精定位 — Interlock, die lock
      14.困氣 — air trap
      15.排氣槽 — vent, vent slot
      E.滑塊機構 Slide
      1.驅動 Actuation
      ① 斜導柱 — angle pin, horn pin, cam pin
      ② 彈簧 — spring
      ③ 油缸 — hydraulic cylinder
      2.制動 Detention
      ① 滑塊固定器 — slide retainer
      ② 彈簧制動器 — spring-loaded detention (plunger)
      ③ 擋釘、擋板 — stop pin, stop plate, slide stop
      3.導軌 — gib, guide strip
      4.鎖緊塊(楔緊塊)— heel block, locking heel, wedge block, chase block
      5.耐磨片 — wear plate, wear strip
      6.壓板 — retainer, gib
      7.螺釘 — screw
      8.定位銷 — dowel pin
      F.斜頂機構 Lifter
      1.斜頂頭 — lifter head
      2.斜頂桿 — lifter rod, lifter shaft
      3.開口銷 — split pin
      4.固定板(壓板) — retainer plate
      5.耐磨片 — wear plate
      6.銅導套 — bronze bushing
      7.襯套 — spacer
      8.導軌 — L – gib
      9.滑動塊 — slide
      G.頂出系統 Ejection System
      1.基本詞匯 Basic Word
      ① 頂出行程 — ejection stroke
      ② 模具開檔 — daylight
      ③ 粘模 — stick
      ④ 產品脫模 — part is push off from, clear part of mould, separation of part
      2.頂板機構 Ejector plate assembly
      ① 頂板 — ejector plate
      ② 頂板固定板 — retaining plate
      ③ 推板— stripper plate
      ④ 推板導柱 — ejector guide pin
      ⑤ 推板導套 — ejector guide bush
      ⑥ 撐頭 — support pillar
      3.復位機構 Return System
      ① 復位桿(回程桿)— return pin, push – back pin
      ② 垃圾釘 — stop pin, stop button
      ③ 壓簧 — compressed spring
      ④ 碟簧 — a stack of ―Belleville‖ washers
      ⑤ 早復位機構 — early return system
      ⑥ 強制復位機構 — positive return system
      4.頂出方法 Ejection Techniques
      1)頂桿頂出 — pin ejection
      2)頂管頂出 — sleeve ejection
      3)頂塊頂出 — bar ejection
      4)扁頂頂出 — blade ejection
      5)頂板頂出 — stripper ejection
      6)油缸頂出 — hydraulic ejection
      7)氣頂 — air ejection


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